My visit to the San Antonio de la Eminencia Castle

2023-12-26T00:49:03

IMG_20231201_094715_270.jpg

Life is not a problem to be solved, but a mystery to be lived.

Anonymous

Hello design and architecture loving community. On this occasion I share with you my visit to the Castillo de Cumaná, Venezuela. It is an architectural work with great stories that deserve to be told. It is worth mentioning that when we arrived at the place we were attended by the local guide who gave us a tour around the castle and gave us very interesting information about this great work of art.

IMG_20231201_094715_270.jpg

IMG_20231201_100535_888.jpg

IMG_20231201_100834_186.jpg

IMG_20231201_100543_956.jpg

IMG_20231201_102600_717.jpg

IMG_20231201_100704_055.jpg

separador virgilio 1.gif


This castle was rebuilt with the last earthquake in Cumaná, on January 17, 1929. This castle differs from the other castles that the Spanish built in Venezuela, because the others had the bedrooms in the basement while in this castle they are in the upper part. That earthquake also destroyed a tunnel that went from this castle to another castle that was near the site.

This castle is known as San Antonio de la Eminencia, it is 64 years old and was built in order to defend the city from pirate attacks. When the two castles were built, Cumana was from the church to the back of a hamlet with tile roofs. As a curious fact the sea reached to where the Metropolitan Cathedral church is located.

Between 1728 and 1929 the city of Cumaná suffered three strong earthquakes that pushed the sea away. With the frequent earthquakes the land was rising and the sea retreating and part of the city was below sea level.

IMG_20231201_094740_188.jpg

IMG_20231201_095155_357.jpg

IMG_20231201_094520_372.jpg

IMG_20231201_094417_644.jpg


According to the information provided, it took the Spaniards 17 years of work to build the castle and the material they used was stones brought from the Araya peninsula. They are marine stones with corals emerged from the earthquake because when they built the castle there was no cement, they glued the stones with a white material known as calicanto, a combination of lime, sand, cattle blood, animal manure, aloe vera and water. They joined the materials and made the dough to glue the stones and bricks. At the top we find a wall that is the remains of the dormitory where the German scientist Alexander Humboldt lived. General Santiago Mariño and General José Francisco Bermúdez also lived there. Among the firearms that were in the castle we have the bombardas and the culebrinas that are the longest.

IMG_20231201_095205_251.jpg

IMG_20231201_095933_076.jpg

IMG_20231201_102013_706.jpg

IMG_20231201_100157_089.jpg

IMG_20231201_095045_378.jpg

IMG_20231201_095021_210.jpg

IMG_20231201_095009_751.jpg


The architectural feature of the castle is that the wall is shaped like a four-pointed star, each point goes to a cardinal point and, at each point, a sentry box, east sentry box, north sentry box ... The spaces are called battlements where the cannons are placed, there was also a place to keep the gunpowder, this place had to be wet enough to avoid risks. Something that caught my attention on the tour and I did not hesitate to ask the guide was the presence of lions under the sentry boxes and at the tips of the castle. He told me that it was a symbol representing the power of Spain over its colonies in America. They were like a kind of shield. It was a very exciting day, with an inclement sun but very fun and educational thanks to all the information given by the man in charge of the talks and guide of the place.

IMG_20231201_100635_367.jpg

IMG_20231201_102552_727.jpg

IMG_20231201_100057_906.jpg

IMG_20231201_101827_901.jpg

IMG_20231201_101300_511.jpg

IMG_20231201_101953_902.jpg

IMG_20231201_101740_765.jpg

IMG_20231201_101806_203.jpg

IMG_20231201_101936_887.jpg

IMG_20231201_101545_931.jpg

IMG_20231201_101459_802.jpg

IMG_20231201_101414_871.jpg



separador virgilio 1.gif

Translated with https://www.deepl.com/translator

                  All images are my own, dividers courtesy of @kattycrochet.

                                                           
             Todas las imágenes son de mi autoría, divisores cortesía de @kattycrochet.
267
7
18.714
Replies (7)